|Table of Contents|

[1] Chen Xiaobing, Wang Juntian, Liu Han, Xu Libin, et al. Influence of rainfall on skid resistance performanceand driving safety conditions of asphalt pavements [J]. Journal of Southeast University (English Edition), 2019, 35 (4): 482-490. [doi:10.3969/j.issn.1003-7985.2019.04.011]

Influence of rainfall on skid resistance performanceand driving safety conditions of asphalt pavements()

Journal of Southeast University (English Edition)[ISSN:1003-7985/CN:32-1325/N]

2019 4
Research Field:
Traffic and Transportation Engineering
Publishing date:


Influence of rainfall on skid resistance performanceand driving safety conditions of asphalt pavements
Chen Xiaobing Wang Juntian Liu Han Xu Libin Zhao Ronglong
School of Transportation, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
rainfall intensity pavement transverse and longitudinal slopes skid resistance driving safety water film thickness(WFT) British pendulum number(BPN) stopping sight distance(SSD)
To study the influence of rainfall on pavement skid-resistance performance and driving safety, the water film thickness(WFT)concept considering the longitudinal and transverse slopes of the pavement was utilized based on the total discharge formulation and turbulence theory of slope flow. Using experimental data measured using the British pendulum test under varying WFT levels, a model for calculating the skid resistance, namely the British pendulum number(BPN), was formulated and used to quantitatively evaluate the effects of rainfall intensity, transverse, and longitudinal slopes on the computed BPN. The study results reveal that skid resistance is linearly proportional to the pavement transverse slope and inversely proportional to the rainfall intensity and the pavement longitudinal slope. In particular, rainfall intensity, along with pavement texture depth, exhibited a significant impact on the tire-pavement friction and skid-resistance performance. The results further indicate that driving safety under wet weather is predominantly governed by skid resistance and visibility. The BPN and sideway force coefficient(SFC60)values for new asphalt pavements under different rainfall intensities are provided along with some modification to the stopping sight distance(SSD)criteria. Safe driving speed limits are also determined using a safe-driving model to develop the appropriate speed limit strategies. The overall study results provide some insights, methodology approach, and reference data for the evaluation of pavement skid-resistance performance and driving safety conditions under different pavement slopes and rainfall intensities.


[1] Ivan J N, Ravishanker N, Jackson E, et al. A statistical analysis of the effect of wet-pavement friction on highway traffic safety[J]. Journal of Transportation Safety & Security, 2012, 4(2): 116-136. DOI:10.1080/19439962.2011.620218.
[2] Zhou H C, Wang G L, Yang J, et al. Numerical simulation of effect of bionic V-riblet non-smooth surface on tire anti-hydroplaning[J]. Journal of Central South University, 2015, 22(10): 3900-3908. DOI:10.1007/s11771-015-2934-7.
[3] Luo W T, Li L. Development of a new analytical water film depth(WFD)prediction model for asphalt pavement drainage evaluation[J]. Construction and Building Materials, 2019, 218: 530-542. DOI:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.05.142.
[4] He J C. Effect of texture property on the decreases of skid resistance on wet pavement surface [D]. Nanjing: Southeast University, 2017.(in Chinese)
[5] Kogbara R B, Masad E A, Kassem E, et al. A state-of-the-art review of parameters influencing measurement and modeling of skid resistance of asphalt pavements[J]. Construction and Building Materials, 2016, 114: 602-617. DOI:10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.04.002.
[6] Gribbin J E. Introduction to hydraulics and hydrology with applications for stormwater management[M]. 4th ed. New York: Delmar Cengage Learning, 2014.
[7] Ministry of Transport of the People’s Republic of China. JTG D20—2017 Design specification for highway alignment [S]. Beijing: China Communications Press, 2017.(in Chinese)
[8] Taler D. Determining velocity and friction factor for turbulent flow in smooth tubes[J]. International Journal of Thermal Sciences, 2016, 105: 109-122. DOI:10.1016/j.ijthermalsci.2016.02.011.
[9] Ministry of Transport of the People’s Republic of China. JTG/T D33—2012 Specifications for drainage design of highway [S]. Beijing: China Communications Press, 2012.(in Chinese)
[10] Zhao H D, Wu M Z, Wu S T. Variation of asphalt pavement friction coefficient with change of water film thickness [J]. Journal of Civil Aviation University of China, 2015, 33(2): 47-52. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1674-5590.2015.02.011. (in Chinese)
[11] Veith A G. Tires-roads-rainfall-vehicles: The traction connection [J]. Frictional Interaction of Tire and Pavement, 1983, 793: 3-40. DOI:10.1520/STP28516s.
[12] Ministry of Transport of the People’s Republic of China. JTG D50—2006 Specifications for design of highway asphalt pavement [S]. Beijing: China Communications Press, 2006.(in Chinese)
[13] Hsu C J, Jones E G. Sensitivity analyses of stopping distance for connected vehicles at active highway-rail grade crossings[J]. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 2017, 99: 210-217. DOI:10.1016/j.aap.2016.12.007
[14] Zheng B S, Zhu S Z, Cheng Y Z, et al. Analysis on influence factors of adhesion characteristic of tire-asphalt pavement based on tire hydroplaning model [J]. Journal of Southeast University(Natural Science Edition), 2018, 48(4): 719-725. DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1001-0505.2018.04.019. (in Chinese)
[15] Yin X Q, Zhou F. Measurement of rolling resistance coefficient under vehicle driving conditions [J]. Automotive Technology, 1999(2): 23-25.(in Chinese)
[16] Chu L J, Fwa T F. Pavement skid resistance consideration in rain-related wet-weather speed limits determination [J]. Road Materials and Pavement Design, 2018, 19(2):334-352. DOI:10.1080/14680629.2016.1261723.
[17] Zhao L P. Study on traffic safety and control strategy of expressway under the coupling effects of wind and rain [D]. Xi’an: Chang’an University, 2013.(in Chinese)


Biography: Chen Xiaobing(1973—), male, doctor, associate professor, xbchen@seu.edu.cn.
Foundation item: The National Natural Science Foundation of China(No.51478114).
Citation: Chen Xiaobing, Wang Juntian, Liu Han, et al. Influence of rainfall on skid resistance performance and driving safety conditions of asphalt pavements[J].Journal of Southeast University(English Edition), 2019, 35(4):482-490.DOI:10.3969/j.issn.1003-7985.2019.04.011.
Last Update: 2019-12-20